The small tortoiseshell butterfly can often be found along old railway lines where there are lots of nettles for it to lay its eggs. It hibernates over the winter and can usually be seen flying between March and October.
Orange tip butterflies are usually found along hedgerows and in scrubby areas in springtime. Only the males have orange tips on their wings; the females are mainly white.
The peacock butterfly is a common species that is found mainly in scrubland and along hedgerows between March and October.The striking red colour and eye spots makes the adults easily recognisable. The caterpillars are black and feed mainly on nettles.
Large white or cabbage white butterflies like to feed on members of the cabbage family. They can be seen between April and October and live in a variety of habitats.
Brimstone butterflies are often the first butterflies to emerge in spring and can be found in a variety of habitats including grassland and scrub. They are also very long lived butterflies and remain active until October.
Red admiral butterflies are usually seen in summer and live in a variety of habitats where there are plenty of nectar sources, such as Buddleias and nettles.
Distinctive Y mark on wings.
Distinctive upturned snout.
Goldfinches are a very colourful bird that can be seen all year round, often feeding on thistle seed heads in scrubby and grassland areas.
Cetti’s warblers can be seen all year round in areas of dense scrub. They feed mainly on insects and have a distinctive, explosive song. They have only recently started breeding in the UK.
Greenfinches are mainly found in areas of scrub and woodland and feed mainly on seeds. They can be seen all year round but their numbers have declined in recent years due to a disease.
Our largest and most common pigeon, the woodpigeon is a familiar bird of gardens, parks, woodlands and farmlands right across the country. Its husky ‘hoo-hroo’ call is a well-known sound of the country. Woodpigeons feed on seeds, leaves, grains, fruit,
The crow that we are most familiar with, the Carrion Crow is all black and makes a hoarse, cawing sound. Carrion Crows make big nests out of twigs, rags, bones, and anything else they can find, which they hide in
Our smallest crow, the Jackdaw is a bird of woodland, parkland, coasts and urban areas. The Jackdaw nests in holes in trees, and on cliffs and buildings: sometimes it will even make a nest in a chimney! It eats invertebrates,
Cuckoos are migrant birds that usually arrive in April and leave in August. They lay their eggs in the nests of other birds, such as reed warblers, who raise the cuckoo chick as their own. The distinctive call of the
Blue tits are a common species often seen in gardens, woodland and scrub. They feed mainly on insects in the summer but will also eat nuts and seeds in the winter.
The chaffinch is a common bird that can be seen all year round, usually in woodland and scrubby areas. It feeds mainly on seeds and insects and has a long descending call.
Blackcaps are a common warbler that like to live in scrubby areas where they feed mainly on insects and berries. They are mainly summer visitors but are occasionally seen in the winter. Only the male has a black cap.
The Garden Warbler is a medium-sized warbler of woodland and tall scrub, habitats it shares with the Blackcap. Garden Warblers are summer visitors, arriving in April and leaving in July, although Continental birds can be seen on migration around the
Whitethroats are a summer visitor that live mainly in scrub and bramble, feeding on insects and fruit.
Buzzards are a large bird of prey that can be seen all year round in a variety of habitats wherever there are trees present. They hunt small mammals, such as rabbits, as well as birds, amphibians and insects. Their numbers
The goosander is a large duck of rivers and lakes in forested areas. It eats fish and nests in holes in trees.
Collared doves are small, common pigeons found in farmland, woodland, parks and gardens across the country. Since breeding in the UK was first recorded in the 1950s numbers have increased and the collared dove is now one of the top
‘Whirly-gig type seeds’.
Smells like garlic when crushed. Also known as ‘Jack-by-the-hedge’
In winter, old catkins remain and look like clusters of small pine cones.
Small, purplish leaves hug stem up to flower.
Red berries in autumn.
Climbing plants with pea-like flowers.
Climbing plants with pea-like flowers. Hairy.
Nettle-like with square stem. Hairy.
Long, thin, pea-like seed pods.
Climbing plant with spiral tendrils. Red berries, leaves and stem in Autumn and Winter. Poisonous.
Climbing plant with large flowers.
One of the first flowers to appear in Spring. Flowers on erect stem.
All parts of this plant are very poisonous.
Very striking in winter when red stems are visible. Clusters of black, spherical berries in autumn.
Traditionally coppiced to create ‘coppice stools’ whereby new stems grow from ground level.
Often referred to as may blossom. Red berries or hawes provide a valuable source of food for birds in winter. Spiky branches. Flowers lightly larger than common hawthorn and leaves less deeply lobed.
Often referred to as May blossom. Red berries or hawes provide a valuable source of food for birds in winter. Spiky branches.
Very poisonous and can cause heart attacks if eaten. Source of the drug digitalis which is often used to treat heart conditions.
Very spiky flower heads are the favourite food of goldfinches who use their slender bills to pick out the seeds. Flowers appear to bloom in a wave.
Used to be used to stuff mattresses as the smell of the dried flowers supposedly repelled fleas.
Name derives from shape of flower.
Hairy plant, name derives from shape of seed head.
Hairy plant with red tinged leaves and stem and long, pointed seed heads. Likes shady places.
A climbing plant, often seen wrapped around larger trees. Berries provide an important source of food for birds in winter and flowers particularly attractive to insects.
Fleshy oval fruits contain edible walnuts.
Similar to stinging nettle but doesn’t sting.
Flowers have square petals and are positioned on long stems.
Member of the pea family. Has black, hairy seed pods. Often grows amongst grasses.
A large daisy.
Apples much smaller than normal apples and less sweet. Favourite food of deer.
Rounded black fruits.
Has long spikes on branches. The flowers also known as May blossom and in Autumn it bears bitter, purple fuit (sloes).
Large thorns on stems. Flowers have heart shaped petals and lots of stamen. Has shiny red hips in Autumn.
Also know as pussy willow.
Flowers are used to flavour drinks, including sambuca, whilst berries are often made into wine, cordial and jam.
Tufted seed heads (similar to a dandelion).
Also known as mountain ash. Has bright red/orange berries in Autumn which are a excellent food source for over-wintering birds.
Hairy square stem. Traditionally used as a wound dressing in herbal medicine.